The individuals of South America referred to by and large as the Jivaro are surely understood for their act of contracting the leaders of their adversaries. Assaults on outsider clans are completed explicitly to verify tsantsas or contracted head trophies. The assaults are normally little and are typically completed on one house where the injured individual might be gotten unconscious. The trophies carry notoriety to the head takers and trap the avenging spirits of their exploited people.
The initial step is the evacuation of the leader of the lamentable unfortunate casualty. The skin is cut around the top pieces of the chest and back and the head is sliced off near the collarbone. The head taker at that point goes a vine through the head to convey it and makes a quick retreat. The head is set up more than 5 or 6 days during brief stops on the arrival trip home. A cut is made in the rear of the head, and the skin is painstakingly expelled from the skull. The skull is then tossed into the waterway as a “blessing to the boa constrictor. The skin is then bubbled in plain water for about 30 minutes. At this point, it is diminished to about a portion of its unique size. It is then sent over a stick and left to dry.
The skin is currently turned back to the front, and any outstanding substance is scratched away.
It is turned right side out once more, and the cut in the back where the skull was expelled is sewn together and the mouth is tied closed. A few little shakes are warmed in a fire and put into the skin. They are moved around inside until cool, dumped, and the procedure is rehashed until the tsantsa has contracted an excessive amount to suit the stones. Hot sand is utilized to proceed with the contracting. As of now, the head is formed, and a hot blade is squeezed against the mouth to dry it. All through the contracting procedure the neck must be moved shut with a string that has been sewn through it so it will stay proportionate to the head.
The skin is scoured all through the procedure with charcoal residue, deliberately obscuring it so the past owner’s musiak, or avenging soul, won’t have the option to see out. When the contracting procedure is done, the tsantsa will be about the size of a man’s clench hand. Three palm pins are set through the lips and integrated, and red seeds are regularly set under the eyelids. A little gap is made in the top and a string is gone through so that the tsantsa might be worn.